Saturday, May 5, 2012

[BelajarKorea] huruf yang asas



Basics

Consonants
There are 14 basic consonants in Korean and five double consonants which are formed from the basic consonants , , , , and  respectively.

Basic consonants
Double consonants


Vowels

There are eight basic vowel sounds along with 13 other complex vowel sounds. These complex vowels are called diphthongs, which are combinations of no more than two vowels. Whereas multiple vowels are normally voiced in separate syllables, each vowel composing a diphthong is voiced together within one syllable. As you can also see just from looking, most diphthongs are combinations of two basic vowels.
All basic vowels are created by three types of strokes. The first stroke symbolizes Heaven and is a dot (), though in modern Korean this dot is just a simple, short stroke. The next type of stroke symbolizes earth and is a horizontal line (). The final stroke symbolizes man (). These symbols are combined to create the Korean vowels, for example | plus makes .

Basic vowels
Complex vowels


Syllable Blocks

Korean words are written from left to right and words are formed by writing each syllable in a block-like shape. Each letter inside the block forms a sound. The word for 'person' is 사람, romanized as 'saram,' and consists of two syllables. The letters  +  make the syllable block of  ('sa'), while  +  +  make the next syllable  ('ram'). The picture below will show you a sound approximation of each of the Korean sounds contained in the word. Also note that written Korean doesn't actually draw boxes around the syllables, this is just for illustrative purposes.



Korean syllables are organized into blocks of letters that have a beginning consonant, a middle vowel, and an optional final consonant. A syllable block is composed of a minimum of two letters, consisting of at least one consonant and one vowel. In our lesson plan, Steps 2, 3 and 4 will focus on just words with a consonant and one horizontal vowel, and words with a consonant and one vertical vowel (see below). Step 5 will introduce the final consonant concept and step 6 will show syllables that can consist of double vowels.



Also note if you want to write only a vowel, it must be written with the consonant , which acts as a silent placeholder for the consonant position. Why? Think of the ying and the yang concept. If one wants to write the vowel , they would have to write it as  with  being a silent placeholder for the consonant position. An easy way to remember this is to think of the  as a zero. More examples below:

Original vowel
Written by itself


Writing

As already mentioned, Korean words are written from left-to-right and top-to-bottom in block-like forms. In the next few sections you will learn how to write each letter and its appropriate stroke order. While stroke order may not seem important at first, it is important when writing Korean naturally and helps others to be able to read your handwriting. The shapes and size of the letters can be stretched or compressed to fill in the block space and to make it evenly sized with other all other syllables. In the example below, you can see how the size and shape of the letter  changes to fill in this imaginary block (highlighted in sky blue).



Kalau dah faham. Cuba layari laman web ini untuk pengetahuan lanjut : Kenali Huruf Korea  . Tekan next. Kalau dah Habis baca, dengar dan faham. okay?

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